Equalization De-Mystified

Equalization De-Mystified

Equalization is crucial for creating pro-level recordings, yet it’s often taken for granted. Today’s technology offers more equalization options than ever: emulations of classic equalizers, linear-phase equalizers, special-purpose equalizers, and equalizers that introduce features possible only in a virtual world.

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Equalization De-Mystified

Equalization is crucial for creating pro-level recordings, yet it’s often taken for granted. Today’s technology offers more equalization options than ever: emulations of classic equalizers, linear-phase equalizers, special-purpose equalizers, and equalizers that introduce features possible only in a virtual world.

It’s essential to choose the right tool for the right job, and apply the right type of EQ for the task at hand. “EQ De-Mystified,” by audio expert and renowned author Craig Anderton, is a 105-page eBook that starts with EQ basics (including info on mid/side techniques, phase-linear operation, parallel processing, and more), and then describes representative EQ types used in popular software, correlates EQ curves to musical styles, and describes 28 presets for mixing and 30 presets for mastering to provide a point of departure for your own projects—along with general tips, guitar-specific EQ techniques, and much more.

Packed with illustrations and loaded with practical, hands-on information, “EQ De-Mystified” is a must-have book for anyone who wants the best possible mixes and masters.



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Contents

Author’s Foreword ....................................................................................................... 7

Chapter 1 EQUALIZATION BASICS ................................................................................ 8

Equalizer Parameters ................................................................................................... 9

Parametric Equalization ............................................................................................. 10

Other EQ Responses .................................................................................................. 11

Other Equalizer Controls ............................................................................................ 13

Intelligent Nodes ....................................................................................................... 13

Linear-Phase Vs. Non-Linear Operation ....................................................................... 14

Latency (Delay) .......................................................................................................... 14

Minimizing Latency .................................................................................................... 16

“Dual Mono” Vs. Stereo ............................................................................................. 16

Mid/Side Equalization ................................................................................................ 17

Parallel Processing and Reality Checks ........................................................................ 19

Passive Vs. Active EQ Technology ................................................................................ 19

Native Vs. Hardware-Assisted Technology ................................................................... 19

Plug-In Formats ......................................................................................................... 20

32- Vs. 64-Bit Plug-Ins ................................................................................................ 20

Don’t Overlook the Documentation............................................................................ 21

Chapter 2 EQUALIZER EXAMPLES .............................................................................. 22

Ableton Live EQ Three................................................................................................ 23

Ableton Live EQ Eight ................................................................................................. 23

Apple Garageband ..................................................................................................... 24

Apple Logic Pro X EQ .................................................................................................. 25

Avid Pro Tools EQ and Channel Strip ........................................................................... 26

Cakewalk Sonar “Prochannel” Channel Strip with Quadcurve EQ ................................ 27

iZotope Neutron ........................................................................................................ 28

Nomad Factory Blue Tubes PEQ322 ............................................................................ 28

Propellerheads Reason .............................................................................................. 29

Softube Focusing Equalizer ........................................................................................ 30

Sony Paragraphic EQ .................................................................................................. 31

Steinberg Cubase Mixer EQ ........................................................................................ 31

Studio One Pro EQ .....................................................................................................33

Universal Audio / Manley Massive Passive ....................................................................33

Universal Audio SSL E-Series Channel Strip .................................................................... 34

Waves Puigtech MEQ-5 Midrange Equalizer .................................................................. 35

Chapter 3 GENERAL TIPS ........................................................................................... 37

Why EQ Matters ............................................................................................................ 38

Solving Problems with EQ.............................................................................................. 38

Emphasizing Instruments .............................................................................................. 40

New Sonic Personalities ................................................................................................ 40

When to Apply EQ ......................................................................................................... 41

The High-Performance Graphic Equalizer ...................................................................... 42

The Virtual Pop Filter .................................................................................................... 44

Mid/Side EQ: Rocking Your Mixes And Masters ............................................................. 47

Mid/Side EQ Processing Basics .......................................................................................................................... 47

The Value of the Mix Control ............................................................................................................................ 48

Understanding EQ Curves—Why Noise Is Your Friend ................................................. 49

Chapter 4 EQ CURVES AND MUSICAL STYLES ............................................................. 51

Dance/EDM ................................................................................................................... 52

Classical ......................................................................................................................... 53

Rock And Modern Country ............................................................................................ 53

Rap/Hip-Hop ................................................................................................................. 54

Adult Contemporary ...................................................................................................... 55

So What Does It All Mean? ............................................................................................ 55

Chapter 5 TYPICAL EQUALIZER INSTRUMENT PRESETS .............................................. 56

Drums: Old School R&B ................................................................................................. 57

Drums: House Music ..................................................................................................... 58

Drums: More Snare ....................................................................................................... 58

Drums: Out Front .......................................................................................................... 59

Drums: Snare Snap ........................................................................................................ 59

Drums: Crisper .............................................................................................................. 60

Guitar: Amp Sim Open Back Cabinet Emulator .............................................................. 60

Guitar: Amp Sim “Fizz” Tamer ....................................................................................... 61

Guitar: Amp Sim “Mellower” ........................................................................................61

Guitar: Bridge or Neck Humbucker to Single Coil Sound................................................62

Guitar: Jazz Guitar Tone ................................................................................................. 63

Percussion: Congas Enhancement ................................................................................. 63

Percussion: Tambourine Tamer ..................................................................................... 64

Piano: Classical Grand ................................................................................................... 64

Piano: Rock ................................................................................................................... 65

Voice: Airy Ahhhhs ........................................................................................................ 65

Voice: Ballad .................................................................................................................. 66

Voice: Crooner .............................................................................................................. 66

Voice: Distant Filtered ................................................................................................... 67

Voice: Dynamic Mic Enhancer ....................................................................................... 67

Voice: Podcasting and Radio .......................................................................................... 68

Voice: Reduce Heavy Pops ............................................................................................. 68

Bass: Seismic 5-String .................................................................................................... 69

Bass: Tight, More Low End, Added Pop ......................................................................... 69

Bass: Round and Smooth ............................................................................................... 70

Bass: Tough Distortion Sound ........................................................................................ 70

Bass: Tight Low End Boost ............................................................................................. 71

Bass: Bright Pick Emphasis ............................................................................................ 71

Chapter 6 TYPICAL EQUALIZER MASTERING PRESETS ................................................ 72

7-Band Flat .................................................................................................................... 73

Air Lift ........................................................................................................................... 74

Bass Tilt ......................................................................................................................... 74

High Tilt ........................................................................................................................ 75

Big and Bright ................................................................................................................ 75

Bright & Loud ................................................................................................................ 76

Crispy ............................................................................................................................ 76

Deeper Kick ................................................................................................................... 77

High Boost ..................................................................................................................... 77

Low Boost ..................................................................................................................... 78

Kick+Sizzle ..................................................................................................................... 78

Less Boxy ....................................................................................................................... 79

Less Vocals .................................................................................................................... 79

Make Room for Female Voice Narration ........................................................................ 80

Make Room for Male Voice Narration ........................................................................... 80

Push Mids .....................................................................................................................81

Mono Bass ....................................................................................................................81

More “In Your Face” ...................................................................................................... 82

More Vocals .................................................................................................................. 82

Punch ............................................................................................................................ 83

Reduce “Honk” and Mud ............................................................................................... 83

Reduce Honk ................................................................................................................. 84

Reduce Mud .................................................................................................................. 84

Remove Subsonics and DC Offset .................................................................................. 85

Scoop ............................................................................................................................ 85

Too Bassy Track ............................................................................................................. 86

Vinyl Mastering ............................................................................................................. 86

Warm & Clear ................................................................................................................ 87

Widen High-Frequency Image ....................................................................................... 87

Widen Midrange Image................................................................................................. 88

Chapter 7 EQ TIPS FOR GUITAR ................................................................................. 89

12 EQ Tips for Mixing Guitar ...................................................................................... 90

1. Reduce the Lows ............................................................................................................................................ 90

2. Tweak EQ in Context ..................................................................................................................................... 90

3. Think “Complementary” ................................................................................................................................ 90

4. Panning Comes Last ....................................................................................................................................... 90

5. Automation Loves EQ .................................................................................................................................... 90

6. More Is Not Always More .............................................................................................................................. 90

7. If All Else Fails ................................................................................................................................................ 91

8. More Expressive Distortion ........................................................................................................................... 91

9. “Cleaning Up” Distorted Guitar Sounds ........................................................................................................ 91

10. “Hard Sync” Distortion ................................................................................................................................ 91

11. Quieting Vintage Effects .............................................................................................................................. 91

12. Artificial Stereo ............................................................................................................................................ 91

Better Sound from Acoustic Guitar Piezo Pickups ........................................................ 93

Comparing Frequency Responses ..................................................................................................................... 93

Variations on a Theme....................................................................................................................................... 95

Tweak That Piezo! ............................................................................................................................................. 96

Modeling a Vintage Wah............................................................................................ 97

The Setup ........................................................................................................................................................... 97

The Modeling Process ....................................................................................................................................... 97

So What Does It Sound Like? ............................................................................................................................. 99

Appendix: Understanding Frequency Response ....................................................... 100

About the Author .................................................................................................... 105



Please note: this book is digital only and available as a .pdf. No physical books will be delivered.